Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The annual number of new TB cases is around 8.8 million, and the number of deaths from TB is around 1.5 million. The number of infections by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has been increasing in recent years. NTM symptoms can be similar to those caused by TB. It is critical to distinguish NTM infections from TB to determine the appropriate treatment because many NTM are resistant to ordinary antituberculous drugs. Definite diagnosis of TB is made by detecting M. tuberculosis from a clinical sample.
The Capilia TB-Neo point-of-care test is an immunochromatographic assay, which can give results for the identification of M. Tuberculosis from both liquid and solid mediums within 15 minutes. Because it can be stored at room temperature, it can also be used in areas with little to no access to laboratory equipment. Several publications also showed it has a very high specificity. Read more.