Gardnerella vaginalis is a bacterium that leads to the disease called bacterial vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is not recognized as an STD but is based on a disturbance of the bacterial balance in the vagina. By disturbing the bacterial balance, a less acidic environment is created in the vagina, which gives certain bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis, the chance to grow excessively. The disease can be caused by keeping a tampon in too long, a certain course of antibiotics and having an IUD fitted.
To diagnose whether a patient is infected with gardnerella vaginalis, swabs are taken from the patient to perform the diagnosis by means of PCR. These swabs are taken from the cervix, vagina, introitus and fluorine. The PCR test is suitable for the diagnosis of non-candidal vaginalis. The non-candidal vaginalis is milder in performance and often occurs in patients with underlying chronic and medical conditions. The symptoms are often more recurrent or chronic compared to symptoms of gardnerella vaginalis.
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