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Herpes Simplex

Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are categorized into two types: HSV-1, typically causing oral herpes, and HSV-2, responsible for genital herpes. Both forms can manifest as painful sores and are highly contagious. In immunocompromised individuals, HSV can lead to more severe complications, such as encephalitis or disseminated infections. Diagnostic methods range from PCR assays for viral DNA to serological tests for antibodies. Early and precise diagnosis is crucial for effective antiviral treatment, which can alleviate symptoms and reduce transmission. Accurate diagnostics are essential for managing outbreaks, especially in high-risk groups.