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Legionella pneumophila

Legionella pneumophila is a bacterial pathogen primarily known for causing Legionnaires’ disease, a severe form of pneumonia. This bacteria thrives in water systems and can be inhaled through aerosolized water droplets from sources like air conditioners, showers, or fountains. Those most at risk include individuals with compromised immune systems and preexisting respiratory issues. Diagnostic measures often involve culture tests, urinary antigen tests, and advanced molecular methods like PCR. Timely treatment with specific antibiotics such as macrolides or fluoroquinolones is essential to reduce severe respiratory complications and improve patient outcomes.