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Cardiovascular diseases encompass a wide range of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and hypertension. These diseases are often linked to lifestyle factors like poor diet, lack of exercise, and smoking, but can also have genetic and environmental contributors. They are a leading cause of death globally, posing a significant public health challenge. Treatment strategies vary depending on the specific condition but often involve lifestyle modifications, medications, and in more severe cases, surgical interventions. Early diagnosis and ongoing management are crucial for improving outcomes and quality of life.