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Parasites in the realm of diagnostic testing often fall under two main categories: Helminths and Protozoans. Helminths are worm-like organisms that can live in various parts of the body, often affecting the gastrointestinal system. Examples include tapeworms and roundworms. Protozoans are single-celled organisms responsible for diseases like malaria and giardiasis. Both types of parasites are primarily detected through stool samples, blood tests, or specialized PCR assays. Timely diagnosis is crucial for appropriate treatment and public health intervention. Diagnosis also aids in the understanding of disease epidemiology, guiding prevention strategies particularly in endemic regions.