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Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), a highly infectious respiratory disease. It is primarily transmitted through airborne droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Due to its resilience, the bacterium can remain suspended in the air for extended periods, posing a risk for widespread transmission. Diagnosis typically involves skin tests, sputum cultures, and advanced molecular techniques like PCR. Prompt detection is critical, as untreated TB can lead to severe lung damage and other life-threatening complications. Treatment usually involves a lengthy regimen of multiple antibiotics, and compliance is essential for eradication of the infection.