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BK Virus

The BK virus is a member of the Polyomavirus family, often acquired in childhood and typically harmless in healthy individuals. However, in immunocompromised patients, especially those undergoing organ transplantation, the virus can reactivate and lead to severe complications like nephropathy and hemorrhagic cystitis. Diagnosis involves a range of tests, including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, to detect viral DNA. Accurate and early detection is vital for effective management and can have a significant impact on patient outcomes. The focus in a diagnostic context is to quantify the viral load in blood or urine samples, which aids in therapeutic decision-making.