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Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of atypical pneumonia, particularly among children and young adults. Unlike other forms of bacterial pneumonia, this microorganism lacks a cell wall, making it resistant to antibiotics like penicillin. Transmission occurs through respiratory droplets, and symptoms often include fever, cough, and fatigue but are generally milder than those caused by typical pneumonia. Diagnostic tests include serological assays and PCR techniques, which offer higher sensitivity and specificity. Timely identification and treatment with appropriate antibiotics such as macrolides are key to managing the infection effectively.