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Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic disorder affecting the adrenal glands, which are responsible for producing crucial hormones like cortisol and aldosterone. The condition results in an enzyme deficiency that disrupts hormone production, leading to an excess of androgens, the male sex hormones. This imbalance can cause a range of symptoms, from ambiguous genitalia in newborns to fertility issues and irregular menstruation in adults. Management of CAH often involves hormone replacement therapy to maintain hormonal balance and alleviate symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for effectively managing the condition and preventing potential complications.