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Precision Genetic Diagnosis with the Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit
Welcome to the forefront of genetic diagnostics with the Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit. Designed to provide healthcare professionals in the molecular biology sector with a powerful tool, this kit facilitates the precise diagnosis and management of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (MD1).
Understanding MD1: A Complex Genetic Disorder
Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (MD1), is an intricate genetic disorder that follows an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. At its core is the expansion of CTG trinucleotide repeats within the 3′ end of the DMPK gene, located on chromosomal region 19q13.3. This gene encodes myotonic dystrophy protein kinase, essential for the proper functioning of muscle, heart, and brain cells.
Individuals with MD1 experience an increase in CTG repeats, resulting in the generation of modified messenger RNA (mRNA). These altered mRNA structures disrupt normal protein function, leading to a wide range of clinical symptoms, including muscle weakness, facial muscle atrophy, cataracts, alopecia, gonadal atrophy, and cardiomyopathies.
Comprehensive Expansion Analysis: Key to Informed Care
The Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit offers an in-depth analysis of CTG repeat expansions, a critical component in understanding MD1’s severity and tailoring treatment. These expansions are categorized into four groups:
Precise expansion identification is vital for accurate diagnosis and prognosis.
In Vitro Diagnostic Excellence
The Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit is exclusively designed for professionals in the molecular biology sector. Its primary function is the analysis of CTG expansion within the DMPK gene using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and capillary electrophoresis. But that’s not all. The kit also includes a Triplet Repeat Primed PCR (TP-PCR) system for cases with major expansions undetectable by conventional PCR.
The TP-PCR assay employs a locus-specific tagged oligonucleotide and paired oligonucleotides that amplify multiple sites within the expansion. Both PCR and TP-PCR products are labeled with 6-Carboxyfluorescein (6-FAM) for precise detection. This dual approach ensures comprehensive analysis.
Technical Precision and Validation
The Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit undergoes rigorous validation, including testing with samples analyzed by the European Molecular Genetics Quality Network (EMQN) interlaboratory in 2016. The kit’s specific detection is tailored to target expansions with an accuracy threshold of approximately 150 repeats. This precision is vital for differentiating MD1 subtypes and guiding clinical decisions.
For analysis, genomic DNA from peripheral blood is the primary source, with a required quantity of 500 ng. This ensures accurate results even with limited sample availability.
Conclusion: Elevating Genetic Diagnosis
The Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit is more than a diagnostic tool; it’s a gateway to understanding the genetic intricacies of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1. With advanced technology, comprehensive expansion analysis, and unwavering precision, this kit empowers healthcare professionals to provide personalized care and make informed decisions for MD1 patients.
In the quest to unlock the mysteries of genetic disorders, the Myotonic Dystrophy PCR Kit offers a powerful and indispensable tool. It brings us one step closer to unraveling the complexities of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 and providing the highest level of care for those affected by this condition. Discover precision genetic diagnosis with this PCR Kit.
DM1 Master Mix, Taq: Conventional PCR enzyme, PCR Master Mix, TP-PCR Master Mix and Positive control for DM1 alleles