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Brain cancer encompasses a range of malignant tumors that originate in the brain or metastasize from other parts of the body. These cancers disrupt normal brain function and can be life-threatening. Common types include gliomas, meningiomas, and pituitary adenomas. Treatment typically involves a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, although targeted therapies are emerging. Diagnosis usually involves imaging tests like MRI and tissue biopsy for histopathological evaluation. Early detection is vital, as the prognosis can vary widely depending on the type, location, and stage of the cancer. Understanding the molecular makeup, including potential genetic mutations, can guide more personalized treatment approaches.