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Borrelia refers to a type of bacteria responsible for causing Lyme disease, a condition transmitted through the bites of infected ticks. Lyme disease manifests in multiple stages, beginning with localized skin rashes and potentially progressing to neurological, cardiac, and joint complications if left untreated. Diagnostic methods usually involve serological tests and PCR to detect the presence of Borrelia bacteria in clinical samples. Early diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics like doxycycline are crucial for effective management and to prevent chronic symptoms. Given the prevalence of tick-borne diseases, vigilant monitoring and timely diagnostics are essential.